Alpha Brain Supplements Review

So you’ve heard about the Alpha Brain supplement and you're wondering what it really does? This post will definitely help with that.

Obviously most people see supplements as enhancers, and in this case, because of this much rave and hype about memory boosts in movies, you might be led to think these meds make you Charles Xavier’s competition. That’s totally absurd.

As the name implies, brain supplements are manufactured to make up for lost nutrients that naturally govern our brain functions. In some cases, they put an extra token in the gift bag by minutely enhancing our abilities. Now, you shouldn’t bank on that because these only happen to a select few based on their body’s initial functionality. We can't all expect the same effects of a drug on different people. It all depends on their anatomy, on their genetic makeup. Stuff you can't tamper with. So, when you decide to use brain supplements, don’t get your hopes up in expectation for super abilities. It’s a ruse.

The Alpha brain supplement is being manufactured by Onnit Labs for six years running now, since 2010, and made popular through the social media, especially the Joe Rogan experience.However, this experience isn't really the reason the product has been considered to be one of the best bran supplements.

Before now, this brand of brain supplements has been called the complete balanced nootropic. However recently, this title has been more justified by giving us reason to believe that it also works as a workout supplement. This shouldn’t be hard to believe seeing as the brain controls the functionality of other parts of the body. It could enhance our reaction to exercises and workout routines.

So far, The Alpha brain supplement has passed series of human clinical tests which have shown statistical significance on cognition and mental health. Apart from being popular for enhancing lucid dreams, this high-quality supplement has also been the favorite of lots due to the manufacturer’s emphasis on using only natural (earth-grown) ingredients.

Alpha brain ingredient

The functions of the Alpha brain supplement that distinguish it from other supplements are basically in the ingredient used to manufacture it.You should take a careful study of these ingredients, ignorance could be disastrous.

Apart from the dangers of ignorance, there isn’t actually much to worry about when it comes to this product seeing as the key ingredients are top notch. They have also done well in selecting finer and more functional options like the Alpha GPC which would be discussed in one of the tabs below.

Some of the key Alpha brain ingredients include;

· Alpha GPC

Like I mentioned earlier, the Aloha Glycerylphosphorylcholine was specifically chosen by the Alpha brand in place of the Choline Bitartrate because it is a better and purer source of choline which is the main ingredient under consideration here.

Memory and focus deficiency and can be linked to low choline levels, making Alpha GPC the key reagent for memory boost.

Basically, it improves the acetylcholine content in the brain, which in turn helps to promote the growth of neurons in the brain as well as the brain’s functionality by repairing damaged brain cells too.

As much as the Alpha GPC is considered to be the best choline sources, it’s actually second best to CDP-choline. However, as long as you get the desired results, it doesn’t really matter.

· HuperziaSerrata

HuperziaSerrata is actually a plant extract which is an Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor which basically breaks down the acetylcholine, and increases its availability for the brain. Technically, it works hand in hand with the Alpha GPC to manage choline levels for as long as your dosage lasts.

According to research, this choline supplement has proven its effectiveness in enhancing memory storage, retrieval – which makes up for the lucid dream benefits of the Alpha brain supplement, boost concentration and mental clarity.

This natural chemical has to be timed perfectly to maximize its effectiveness. I believe the dosing of the drug takes care of that.

· Vinpocetine

For decades now, this periwinkle plant extract has been quite useful in the treatment of cerebrovascular disorders. Research shows that vinpocetine can be used to increase blood flow, and as you know, this boosts the brain’s functionality.

Other ingredients of the Alpha brain supplement include; Pterostilbene, L-Leucine, Vegetarian Capsule (Cellulose, Water), Bamboo Silica, Phosphatidylserine, AC-11 (UncariaTomentosa), etc

Recommended Dosage

Apart from all the cool features, the Alpha brain supplement has to offer, the dosage instructions are also clear cut, and easy to follow.

The recommendation according to the manufacturer – Onnit – is 1 to 2 capsules with a light breakfast or brunch, however, it's okay to increase the dosage to 3 capsules provided that you weigh over 200 pounds. This configuration works for amental boost, makes your brain sharp for work or school, or whatever you're involved in.

If you have a desire for lucid dreams, take this dosage about four hours before going to bed. But whatever you do, Onnit advises that you shouldn’t take more than 3 capsules in a 24-hour span.

How it works 

You might be wondering why all these ingredients are used together, as much as they individually have enough potency to improve the brain’s health in their own way. Well, they all have weak points, and using them simultaneously like that makes up for their shortcomings, and hence ensuring that you get the desired results and value for your money.

I won't bore you with the gory details of its mode of operation, although there’s another angle that might be of more help to you. Different posts on this blog have advised consulting a medical practitioner, but I've been there once, I mean, I literally am a drug user too, so I know how surreal considering that might be, even though it’s the best idea.

However, I'm going to help out in the way I possibly can by giving you the dosage of the Alpha brain supplement. If you cannot see your doctor for a prescription, at least follow these to the letter.

Also, make sure you know your vitamin levels and ensure that this is the right drug for you. Unfortunately, that is something I cannot help you with here.

Benefits Of Alpha Brain Supplement

The benefits of the Alpha brain supplements explained here might not look different from that of other supplements, but remember that the output varies. Owing to the differences in the ingredients used. The Alpha brain supplement is a caffeine free, well sourced, a natural brand which works just fine, and has no stimulants that could help fake these effects.

Some of the other benefits are;

Enhanced Focus and cognizance:

The vinpocetine in the Alpha brain supplement helps with the flow of oxygen and blood to the right parts of the brain just enough to help achieve better focus and enhanced cognitive ability.

Enhanced Recall and Memory:

For students and financial workers and other practitioners who have to be equipped with certain amounts of data over a long period of time, you’ll be pleased to know that the Alpha GPC content of the Onnit Alpha brain supplement produce a combined effort that increases the plasticity of the brain, thereby improving the overall functionality of the brain towards data acquisition.

Improved sleep:

It's not a bad thing to be obsessed with your dreams. This product, however, can help you stop beating yourself up for forgetting your dreamland adventures, making your sleep more restful and productive,

Possible Side Effects Of Alpha Brain Supplement

One of the few things we check after producing an edible product, especially drugs is the side effect, and then maybe the expiry dates. Most people, however, fail to realize that the side effects do not manifest on a general scope. It's just like allergies, some people have, and some don’t.

That being said, if you have taken the right precautions before purchase – consulting a licensed medical practitioner- you wouldn’t have to experiment on yourself to see if these effects affect you or not.

As much as clinic trials have shown new results as regarding the Alpha brain supplement, it's still safe to use. Although, like other drugs, some users might experience side effects after use.

Also, these effects might surface when you do not follow the prescription to the letter.

For example; The Alpha brain supplement contains a high dose of HuperziaSerrata. Therefore, licensed recommendations state that you shouldn’t use it every day of the week. Taking a day off or two will increase its effectiveness. If you don’t abide by this rule, there will be a slight decrease in its effectiveness, which in turn might lead you to an overdose, and from that, side effects might turn up.

The increased levels of acetylcholine caused by the effects of the HuperziaSerrata have been known to cause constant headaches and a rather disturbing level of lucid dreams. Users have complained about the exceptional vividity of the dreams which make them feel uncomfortable at some point, depending on the dream.

Anxiety issues as well as diarrhea have also been reported by users and volunteers. However, if you fall under this category, lay off of it for a while, and then eventually reduce your dosage.

For people who have low blood pressure, however, this drug isn’t really for you as major side effects have been reported from this selective category of users. Vinpocetine aids blood and oxygen flow, and this feature counter the effects of low blood pressure, so, get your blood pressure checked out before commencing dosage.

Apart from these effects, there isn’t anything to worry about, considering the fact that the other ingredients have low toxicity, and aren’t capable of real damage to the body.

Purchasing Alpha Brain Supplements

Before you purchase

I can't overemphasize on how careful you need to be when using brain supplements. For those who feel like their bodies have outgrown the effects of the Alphabrain supplement, or one a broader sense, the use of one supplement, you have to be extra careful. Mixing brain supplements can be really dangerous for your brain.

However, I would suggest that you go for the natural forms of the extra boost you need in the right proportions, instead of overdosing.

For example, the Alpha brain supplement contains a high dose of HuperziaSerrata, whose functions are based on the alpha GPC choline source. So, instead of combining it with other nootropics, you can enhance the effect of acetylcholine by taking it with piracetam which is what most people are into these days. You still have to be careful with it, though.

By boosting acetylcholine with the Alpha brain supplement, you can fully enjoy the effects you get when you use piracetam

Where can you purchase

When I first started my research about brain supplements, like most people I didn’t bother about the availability of the drugs in my vicinity, I just naturally assumed every medicine store should have them on sale. I was wrong!

Alpha Brain supplement is available for purchase on amazon.​


In most cases, especially relating to edible products, the cons are closely related to the side effects which are based on medical history, and customer complaints.

However, the side effects of the Alpha brain supplements do not outweigh the benefits, so you have nothing to worry about.

Mostly, the side effects of drugs are due to the drawbacks of the ingredients used. However, clinic trials have shown that, recently, the chemical combination, as well as the formula used, are worse than the old ones.

The product still works, though, but you could probably get complete and pro-health solutions for equal or less money. I wouldn’t be so quick as to point out alternatives, though, but you might want to look into them.


Even with these much side effects and cons, the Alpha brain supplement remains one of the top ten brain supplements on review today. Also, if you are not satisfied with the product, Onnit has a 30-day refunding policy, which opportunities you to return the supplement within that period of time if you change your mind about the purchase. However like other products, terms and conditions apply.

The major point in that is that no manufacturer would be willing to give a refund based on customer feedback if it his produce isn’t up to standards. With this policy, you literally have nothing to lose, as long as you don’t take matters into your own hands, literally.

Ultimate Guide On Thyroid Supplements.

So, there’s been a lot of rave about thyroid supplements and you're thinking about using too?

You have to… that’s cool! But do you even know what it really does?

Apart from the superficial effects of thyroid supplements that you enjoy, do you know how it works in your body? Or the part of your body it really affects?

No need to hassle, I can help with that!

The thyroid is a gland that lies below your Adam’s apple, sitting low on the front of your neck. It has two side lobes connected by a bridge and is red in color depicting that it is very rich in blood vessels.

The major function includes the secretion of hormones which act throughout the body to promote metabolism, growth, and development of the body. During childhood, however, the thyroid hormone is crucial for brain development.

However, as adults, when the thyroid is not well taken care of there are several things that could go wrong with your body, and they don’t necessarily have to be related to the neck in this case.

Poorly treated thyroids can result in;

Thyroid Swelling– which is quite commonly known as Goiter. In most cases, this represents a deficiency of iodine in the body system, which happens to be an important constituent of thyroid supplements that take care of these problems before they begin.

Hypothyroidism is another thyroidal related issue which poses special to newborns and infants as explained earlier. At birth, lack of healthy thyroid hormones can lead to mental retardation or stunted growth. Most parents have been advised to engage in routine thyroid checks for their newborns to deal with this condition before it gets out of hand.

Some of the other conditions that are as a result of poorly treated thyroid include; Thyroiditis, Hyperthyroidism, thyroid storm, thyroid nodules, among others.

We could go on and on about how important it is to take proper care of your thyroids, but you know you have to. So to more pressing matters;

Now we can discuss thyroid supplements

What are thyroid supplements?

Thyroid supplements are supplements for thyroids, so naturally, you would assume that they mean well to our thyroids. Seeing as the thyroid is a very sensitive part of our body, we need to be very careful about the kind of care we administer to it.

Like any other drug, you need the prescription of a licensed medical practitioner to purchase or use any drug, and in this case, you need to be more aware of the risks involved in self-medication.

Some people actually understand this. In fact, in more enlightened environments, managing thyroid isn’t just about taking supplements as drugs. They also use natural vitamins and other nutrients in foods and fruits to manage their condition, especially when they need a boost.

Like other supplements, thyroid supplements are used when the thyroid isn’t producing enough thyroid hormones to manage the thyroid. They contain several minerals that help with this production deficiency.

Having established the fact that deficiency in vitamins and minerals are the underlying causes or thyroid malfunctions lets see the minerals and vitamins that are required for a healthy thyroid.

Before using thyroid supplements

Develop a healthy eating habit

Before we go on memorizing a list of nutrients we would like to stock on after reading this, I’d like to remind you that, you need to eat healthy diets (balanced diets) regularly to avoid thyroid deficiencies.

This advice sounds cliché in a manner of speaking, but should fall on deaf ears, because I don’t imagine that you would want to use supplements for every medical condition that you have brought on yourself because of your unhealthy eating and living habits.

Run a test to know your mineral and vitamin levels

However, if you would supplement, you mustn’t do so without medical advisement. The first things you need is to go to a licensed medical practitioner and run a blood test to find out you vitamin and mineral levels. This would give you a load down of the vitamins and minerals you are deficient on, and then you can know which supplements you should use.

Failure to do this would lead to you probably going for the wrong supplements for your thyroid deficiency, and whatever outcome you get from that would be no one’s fault but yours.

Do a thorough research on the vitamins and minerals you would like to supplement with

Just because you know the vitamins and minerals you should supplement on does not mean that you can go about purchasing any product in any dosage that picks your fancy. You need to be smart about this.

Thyroid deficiencies aren’t simple or funny as a matter of fact. Any medical condition left unattended to, or poorly attended to can produce unexpected results.

You need to keep an open line of communication with you doctor so that you can be fully examined and advised as to the dosage required, the amount your body can handle, and when your thyroids are fully restored.

Some of the major vitamins you can supplement on and things you need to know about them as well as the thyroid supplements side effectsare explained below;


The effects of iodine supplements for thyroid do vary per person as explained below because no two mineral levels can be equally the same, except it’s a controlled experiment or some freaky stuff. Even then, the chances are quite slim.

Having had yourself checked by a doctor, there still is a recommended maximum of iodine you can take in daily. For adults who I presume are the major benefactors of supplements, 150micrograms daily is quite enough.

For natural iodine supplements for thyroid, you can get quite a dosage from good farm sources including milk, cheese, poultry, eggs, kelp and other seaweeds.

Too much of anything is bad, but too much of iodine is worse. It could actually lead to another thyroid deficiency – Hypothyroidism. This condition has been explained in the early part of this post, and from what you’ve read, I'm sure you don’t want to have to deal with that, so be careful.

You might not fancy this but most doctors aren’t in support of iodine supplements, just so you know.


Even the name suggests that it’s a rare ingredient. Unlike other ingredients for thyroid supplements, selenium isn’t one you would stumble on at any store. It's one of those supplement ingredients that you mostly get with the prescription of a licensed medical practitioner.

However, it's quite safe for a supplement, and doctors don’t have a handful against it. Research has shown that it helps with efficient thyroid synthesis and metabolism.

Basically, a deficiency in selenium enzyme affects the conversion of T4 to T3, thereby impairing the thyroid.

As long as you don’t use more than required, it's okay to use. The prescribed limit perday is 200micrograms. You can get just the required amount you need per day by consuming two raw brazil nuts. I guess that simplifies the whole deal.

Vitamin B:

So far, we have associated various ingredients with different thyroid conditions. Vitamin B has many interactions with thyroid function and thereforeprovides us with optimal thyroid health and hormone regulation.

They work best for people with hypothyroidism just like iodine but are prescribed to be used alongside to get better results. This is basically because they help with the management of iodine in the body at a cellular level.

However, even if you don’t need to supplement with iodine, its still a good idea to take vitamin B regularly, being the thyroid boosting supplements with little or no sideeffects, that they are.

Professional recommendations prescribe a nutritional supplement containing the entire vitamin B complex, with an extra dose of vitamin B12 for those with low levels.

Natural Thyroid supplements can be gotten in the form of vitamin B by consumption of these foods; eggs, seeds, legumes, nuts, milk, fish, grains, and other natural vitamins foods.

Vitamin D

I hope it's still clear to you that you can only take any of these supplements if you are low on particular vitamin levels according to your blood test. Having reinforced that warning, I’d like to point out that most of these ingredients have a role to play in curing hypothyroidism, but still doesn’t make all of them cures or the best thyroid health supplement ingredient.

According to research, Vitamin D is very efficient for immunity especially for those with autoimmune thyroid disorders such as the Graves’ Disease. Although, extensive researches have also proven that 90 percent of people with hypothyroid deficiencies are low on Vitamin D. To avoid confusion and ingestion of wrong medications, you best see your doctor.

For those who prefer natural thyroid supplements, Vitamin D can be found in fortified milk, yogurt, and orange juices. Surprisingly, these are major ingredients of our daily foods. If you are still low on these, you probably need to consciously ingest a wholesome amount of these regularly to make up for supplements for low thyroid. But then again, it all depends on your doctor’s prescription.


Just like vitamin B, magnesium works in line with iodine as thyroid supplements ingredientsto counter thyroid deficiencies. They also help to manage iodine levels in the body.

Leafy green vegetables and whole grains are the most common natural food sources of this particular thyroid supplement ingredient.

Other vitamins and minerals that serve as thyroid supplement ingredients include; Zinc, tyrosine, probiotics, etc.

Benefits of thyroid Supplements

Having had a brief study of these essentials, the benefits of thyroid supplements are quite clear. However, instead of repeating the same idea in different sentences, I’d rather explain the benefits of a properly functional thyroid. This way, you would see the benefit in a healthy organ, rather than a temptation to overdose.

Cognitive boost and mood enhancement

Like brain supplements, thyroid boosting supplements help the thyroid acquire more energy for operation. A functional thyroid, however, is responsible for improved mood, concentration and can help score higher in cognitive tests.

Pregnant women especially need a well functioning thyroid as studies have shown that the children of women with healthier thyroids give birth to smarter children.

Body weight

You might be wondering how the thyroid in the neck is connected to the entire weight of the body. Well, thyroid hormones are of great significance to our body weight as they are responsible for body metabolism.

If they dictate the rate at which calories are burnt in the body, it's quite clear that a healthy thyroid is essential for fat loss. This might be the solution to your fat issues if you have been on meds, and hitting the gym for weight loss for a while without much to show for it.

Basically, an unhealthy thyroid slows metabolism. If you think this only affects your physical appearance, I'm afraid you're quite mistaken.

Research have indicated that one of the best ways to reduce the risk of heart diseases, by reducing high homocysteine levels involves the use of thyroid supplements. So, you probably need to pay your doctor another visit as soon as possible.

To borrow a little bit of reverse psychology theory from my psychologist, let me motivate you to get more concerned with your thyroid’s health. I’ll do that by giving you a list of things that you are vulnerable to when your thyroid is low and you refuse to use thyroid supplements.

- Formation of gallstones

- High cholesterol

- Anemia

- Decreased stomach acid production

- Decrease in bone quality leading to increasing in fractures

- Reduction in body metabolism leading to weight gain, among other defects

- Decreased energy production

- Constipation

- Hair loss

- Depression

- Cognitive decline

- Infertility

- Weakening of the immune system etc

Hence it's safe to say that a healthy thyroid would shield you from the possibility of all that!... Works right?

Best thyroid supplements review

Thyroid Rite

The thyroid Rite is a legit thyroid health supplement which promotes proper functionality of the thyroid. It is a basic combination of two major natural thyroid supplement ingredient namely – iodine and Tyrosine. However, there are traces of other minerals and vitamins including zinc and copper which help in its support for normal thyroid function. The functions of this drug extend beyond being a supplement for low thyroid.

Other contents which justify this claim include natural herbs, namely ashwagandha root, schizandra and ayurvedic herbs which are popular for promoting healthy metabolism, providing support for regulated body weight loss, and also help in heart-relatedconditions as explained earlier in this post.

This brand also helps in enhancing brain functions as well as weak body cells.

The thyroid Rite has been known to deliver the best value for the highest strength thyroid supplement, with 120 caps in a bottle, which is twice as much as what you would get from other products – double value for your money.

It's also referred to as the best formula containing 14 natural thyroid supplements from natural herbal extracts and minerals which make for easier ingestion and much more benefits. With all these, you can agreethat its functions extend thyroid health, but also boosts the whole body system in a safe way, giving you nothing to worry about as long as you abide by the prescription.

The manufacturer guarantees 100 percent satisfaction, with 100 percent refund policy within the first 100 days of purchase if you rent satisfied with its effects. With this thyroid supplement, you literally have nothing to lose.

Gaia Herbs Thyroid Support Liquid Phyto-Capsules.

One major fact that binds all these reviewed products together is that they all work to enhance the thyroid’s functionality. However, their manufacturers share different views about how the thyroid should be enhanced, hence creating a difference in the recipes which eventually bring about a difference in the way these drugs function.

The ingredients that make the Gaia Herb special include;

L-Tyrosine, an amino acid, which is a natural protein supplement, which helps to combat attention deficit disorders, depression and improve mental alertness. It is also responsible for improving hypothyroid conditions, hence be careful not to use this product if you have hyperthyroidism. That would be pretty disastrous to your health;

Seaweed blend, which is also another ingredient high in multivitamins, fiber, iron, magnesium, calcium and other important natural ingredients. It’s a gold mine! It serves the thyroid well, with an added bonus of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory components;

Schisandra Berry, rich in antioxidants prevent the body from neurological diseases as well as cancer-causing probes. The Schisandra berry has many health benefits apart from thyroidal health supplementation, includingenhanced sexual function as well as cleansing of liver organs, and much more.

The best part of this thyroid health supplement is that it'svegetarian-friendly. No animal produces were used in creating this supplement. Also, they are alcohol-free and easily take control of the system without an overdose.

A combination of these elements and much more put this product on our top five list.

Activa Naturals Thyroid Health Supplement with Iodine.

The beauty of this product is that it is made of pure natural ingredients. The Activia brand pride themselves a huge fan of mother nature and hence have their products primarily based on natural ingredients.

This product has proven to be a perfectly functional supplement for low thyroids. The ingredients used to manufacture this wonder product include Vitamin B12, magnesium, iodine, zinc, selenium, etc as well as other natural herbs including ashwagandha, cayenne pepper, coleus forskolin and the bladderwrack among other natural herbs.

Majorly, the Activia thyroid supplement enhances the body’s endocrine system as well as the thyroid, making the body cells stronger and disease resistant.


Thyax is a natural thyroid booster which specifically helps get rid of hypothyroidism as well as all the symptoms that come with it, including fatigue, constipation, dry skin and swelling in joints etc.

Another major function of this thyroid boosting supplement includes its assistance in the improvement of low levels of T3 and T4 naturally, which is highly unlikely in other thyroid health supplements. The natural solution it offers to these challenging medical issues has made Thyax one of the top five thyroid supplement.

Other thyroid health solutions thyax has to offer as categorized with the presence of natural ingredients are;

- Relief from the painful symptoms caused by hypothyroidism

- The addition of essential natural nutrients including vitamins B, iodine, and amino acids to the body for optimum thyroid health and shield against thyroid related conditions that snoop into our body systems through the lack of essentials.

However, some of the side effects of this thyroid supplement are mostly due to incompatibility issues. Once you see these signs, be sure to contact your doctor.

The side effects you should really look ou for include – fever, heat intolerance, pain or discomfort in the jaw, back or neck, swelling of the eyes, throat, lips or tongue, blurred or double vision, change in consciousness, abdominal or stomach cramps, irrational thinking leading to feelings of distrust and over reactive emotions, rapid mood swings, etc

These side effects have nothing to do with the authenticity of the drug, but with prescription errors mostly from self-medication and poor diagnosis.

Natural Living Iodine Plus 2 for Low Thyroid

There might have been a major misconception about this drug on the internet, which is attracting negative reviews from users. Let me clear this misconception real quick!

The Iodine plus 2 thyroid health supplement isn’t responsible for weight reduction. So if you have used it with the hopes of seeing such results, and you not disappointed, you should probably reconsider.

Its real purpose is to regulate thyroid levels in the body. This might sound disappointing based on the fact that it costs just as much as other thyroid health supplements on the market today with weight reduction abilities, but having one purpose makes it unique.

You should expect maximum delivery in its regulationof the thyroid levels in the body. You can safely use it without having to worry about other effects it might have on your metabolism or body system as a whole.

Earlier in this post, we have discussed the detriments of too much iodine in the system, especially when you are suffering from hyperthyroidism. Make sure you get the right prescriptions from a licensed medical practitioner after taking tests to monitor your vitamin levels to avoid complications.

Define Nootropics: What Is and What Is Not.

Define Nootropics:

In broad term, nootropics are substances with the potential ability of enhancing the functionality of the brain in various capacities. The main aim of taking nootropics is to improve the functionality of the brain, and as such nootropics are considered “smart drugs” and the term cognitive enhancers is often used interchangeably in defining nootropics.

Although the above definition is very broad, this article would go into specifics about what nootropics are and what they are not.

Nootropics can come in various forms, either as a drug, as a supplement, herbs or in any other form you can possible think of. As long as the potential benefit of what you’re taking is to improve the functionality of the brain, then it falls into the category of what we call nootropics. Coffee is a nootropics substance as well.

Nootropics are known to improve seven (7) major functionalities of the brain; memory, executive function, attention span, motor skills, information processing, perception and language. However, most nootropics in the market are incapable of improving the brain in all these functionality. Most tend to focus on two or three functionality at a time.

With various rave and big pharmaceutical companies pushing smart pills adverts on the web and offline, it’s very easy to get confused on what the real nootropics mean, what they do and most importantly where to get them. This article would answer most of these questions.

Benefits Of Nootropics:

Everybody wants to be smarter, everybody wants an edge ahead of others. As mentioned earlier, when I was defining nootropics; I defined it as “any substance” that is capable of improving the functionality of the brain. I also went further in listing out the seven (7) most important functionalities in which nootropics are known to affect.

This section of the article would pick those functionality one after the other and discuss them in relative to the benefits of nootropics.

#1. Nootropics Improves Memory:

We all want to remember stuffs in details. We want to remember things without struggling. We want to remember names, address, phone number, what we studied the other night, our dreams, name it! A larger percentage of the criteria used by the modern society in judging human intelligence is how memorable such an individual is.

The key to great memory is by increasing the connection between the neurons that stores the memory. Scientifically, this is called plasticity. The more frequent you retrieve the information from your brain, the easier it is to remember it every time you try to recall (tricky huh?). In fact, the science behind it is that, we recall things from the last time we remember them.

A larger percentage of nootropics work on the memory is by improving the connection between the neurons in the brain. This is done through the stimulation of brain cells to secrete more brain chemical known as neurotransmitters.

These neurotransmitters carry messages from one neuron to the other thus improving neuroplasticity.

#2. Nootropics Improves Attention Span:

One of our greatest undoing in this generation is our short attention span. The inability to focus on something for a very long time is the reason why we miss lots of opportunity, and more importantly why we make poor and uninformed decision.

Nootropics are known to greatly increase the attention span of the brain. This explains why physicians would usually prescribe such drugs to people with attention disorder. If you would like to increase your attention span, then popping a pill of nootropics wouldn’t be a bad idea.

This comes handy, especially for those that are into creative work, and students as well. Since the generally attention span for a average individual is twenty (20) minutes.

#3. Nootropics Improves Information Processing:

It’s easy to make perfect decision when you’re able to see the entire details from different perspective. When your visual and spatial processing ability is top notch, then making good decision would be as easy as it could get.

Nootropics are known to improve spatial working memory. Which is the ability to store an information temporarily until a certain task is completed. This ability gives room for various mental manipulation within the shortest time frame.

Other benefits of nootropics includes:

#4. Improved Motorskills

#5. Improved Executive functions of the brain

#6. Improved Learning abilities

#7. Reduced Brain Stress Hormone

Types Of Nootropics:

Nootropics is define as “any” substance that is capable of improving the brain functionality in some certain capacity.

Nootropics can come in form of drugs or supplements. There are natural supplements as well, example of which includes, fish oil, gingko biloba extract, all naturally occurring antioxidant and a wide varieties of others.

Nootropics Side Effect:

There is a misconception I would like to clear out as far as the use of term is concerned. I mentioned earlier that the term nootropics and cognitive enhancers are often used interchangeably. However, there is a clear difference between the two, and this is the appropriate section to clear out this misconception.

All nootropics are known to perform cognitive enhancing function, but not all cognitive enhancers are nootropics. The difference between the two lies in the perceived side effect.

The term nootropics is generally reserved for cognitive enhancers with very minimal or no side effect whatsoever (at least that the initial definition of nootropics). This term has been abused over the years, and as such people now call cognitive enhancers nootropics as long as they can improve certain brain function, without giving consideration to possible side effects.

Nootropics generally have no side effect on the brain. But Cognitive enhancer does. However, there is no clear distinct between nootropics and cognitive enhancers as of today because the market is flooded with various products and no standard body is responsible for regulating them.

What this implies is that, new drugs called “nootropics” might have their own side effects, which is why it is very important to seek physician opinion or at the very least read other users review before committing to long term use of certain cognitive enhancers.

What You Don’t Know About Zinc Supplements.

Here is a comprehensive guide of the zinc supplement.

This post contains information about zinc as an important part of our body system and zinc supplements which provide solutions to deficiencies.

It’s a good thing that they are mostly called supplements and not enhancers. If the manufacturers called them enhancers most people might need a little more convincing. Don’t expect sci-fi movie type of developments in your system, you would be disappointed.

The scope of zinc supplements goes beyond a particular brand or for a particular use. To clarify that, let's see what zinc really is, and how it works as a supplement.

Zinc as a mineral:

Zinc was discovered in 1764 in its pure metallic form. Wit the advent of technological advancement, it is now employed in various segments of our industrial and commercial activities.

Right now, it sounds like some mined metal found in the depths of the earth, but it's not all that. It's actually an important ingredient responsible for the proper functionality of our body system.

Zinc is also referred to as an essential trace element, meaning that we need little amounts for our health. It’s just as abundant as iron in our body system and probably does just as much to improve our bodily functions.

Like other vitamins, it plays a very important series of roles in our body’s health. You do not want to run low on this, trust me.

You’ve probably heard about zinc deficiency before, and if you’ve not, symptoms include stunted growth, low insulin levels, generalized hair loss, rough and dry skin, slowed wound healing. Diarrhea, loss of appetite, among other symptoms. Experts have also linked zinc deficiency with intestinal disorders which interfere with food absorption, kidney failure, and other chronic diseases.

That wasn’t meant to scare us into racing to our doctors to check our zinc levels but I think that paints the general idea of how important this element isto our body.

Now that we have gotten that out of the way, I think you might be curious about one or two medical conditions you’ve been battling with for a while, and probably trying to link them to zinc deficiency. Well, that is not for you to decide.

It's good to go for medical check-ups from time to time. However, if after your visit to the clinic you’ve found out that your zinc levels are low, don’t panic. That’s what zinc supplements are for.

Zinc supplements

Literally, supplements help make up for losses. These losses may be related to vision, fertility, fighting viruses, immune system, dental plague, sexual health, kidney, resistance to harsh weather conditions, among others.

Zinc can become deficient in the body through quite a number of ways, including through sweats, so this doesn't leave anyone out.

However, these losses do not occur in all humans, at least not in the same way. In this post, they will be categorized into children, men, and women health.

Zinc supplements for kids

Kids are very fragile, not just because the term “kids” sounds fragile, but when you consider the anatomy of young humans, you'll know not to make a mess of it. Their bones haven’t fully developed, even other parts of their bodies especially in females are still dominant, and needs enough time and care to blossom.

Zinc is a micronutrient which plays important roles in the immune, reproductive and nervous systems of children, which basically are all of the body parts.

Seeing as the human body can't produce this nutrient, we best consider zinc supplement for kids to avoid the effects of deficiencies on their growth.

Research has shown that an average of 1 out of 58 deaths of children between the ages 1 to 5, is caused by zinc deficiencies. This might not sound like a lot, but personal involvement would change your orientation about that.

Basically, the effects of zinc deficiencies in kids include diarrhea especially in malnourished children, regular headaches, nausea, among others. Zinc supplements for kids have been known to counter these effects and give such kids a healthier chance at life.

Too much consumption for kids is just as dangerous, so make sure that you get a licensedprescription before administering zinc supplements to your kids. Also, before you resolve to zinc supplement for your kids, make your that they are well nourished because healthy feeding has a long way to go in children’s growth.

Zinc Supplements for men

As adults, the male anatomy in relation to zinc levels is quite different. As you might have heard, it mostly affects fertility. Zinc can be referred to as a testosterone supplement for men. And to us men, that’s pretty important to our survival.

According to research, zinc is pretty important to everyone, but men need it more.

Basically, zinc is responsible for the bioactivities that supplement the testosterone synthesis. In layman terms, it improves the erectile function, sperm count and motility, sex drive and solves most of the sex-related issues that men have been faced with.

However, one major misconception is that only sex freaks or those who are still looking to have more kids are the only ones concerned with this.

Here’s a fact! Even if you're planning on being a eunuch,it's still very important that you supplement your zinc levels as it has everything to do with your health.

As explained earlier, the major bad news caused by low zinc levels and inevitable high prolactin is called male hypogonadism, which is a medical term used to explain the condition where the body does not make enough testosterone.

Some of the problems caused by low zinc levels in adult males include;

  • · Low male sex hormones,
  • · Infertility and depleted sex drive
  • · Erectile dysfunction
  • · Inability to grow a beard,
  • · Constant fatigue,
  • Loss of muscle strength, etc

Zinc Supplement for Women

For women, you have to consider your health as well as your fertility and the product of your fertility – your kids. You wouldn’t possibly expect women who are zinc deficient to give birth to healthy babies.

Seeing as zinc deficiency in babies is the most dangerous, and might be the line between their life and death, you might want to look into that to be on the safer side.

On a personal level, the effects of zinc deficiency are just as that in men. However, apart from their hormones, they also need zinc supplements to avoid osteoporosis, especially for those who have gone through menopause.

Before menopause, women have more estrogen (sex hormone) than men. However, this changes after menopause, and then they begin to experience bone loss and osteoporosis. Zinc supplements can help solve this problem.

Apart from these, the effects of zinc deficiencies in women and men are pretty much the same.


  • Decreased rate of age-related chronic disease
  • Quicker wound healing
  • Diarrhea treatment especially in kids
  • Regulation of immune functions
  • Proper growth
  • Fertility in adults
  • Memory enhancement and improved cognitive functionality, etc

Side Effects

As much as zinc supplements sound like the savior of the entire human race from death and diseases, it has its own side effects too.

However, being a natural element that it is, the side effects can’t be due to manufacturer’s error, so there’s only one way to go about it. Overdosing on zinc supplements is the only way to get side effects from it, and surprisingly, the effects of too much zinc intake are almost the same as overdosing on it.

The effects may vary from commonly occurring to rare conditions.

Natural Zinc Supplements:

Apart from zinc supplements, zinc can also be found in foods. Hence, zinc-fortified foods can be referred to as natural zinc supplements. Some of the best natural zinc supplement sources include; sea foods, grain cereals, dairy products, animal meat, fish, nuts, beans, among others.

Since the zinc supplements in these foods cannot be quantified, ill have you know that the average adequate zinc intake per day is about 10 to 15 milligrams.

However, vegetarians may need a lot more than the recommended intake of zinc because it's not really as much in plant foods as it is in meat and other non-vegetarian means.

Best zinc supplements Reviews

When it comes to edible products, the rules are more direct. The things to look out for before purchasing zinc supplements or any other drug for that matter include;

The value you get for the price you are about to pay. Compare this with other products in that category and their cost. This would ensure that you get the best deals.

Reviews and feedback from users. These users have used the drugs. Their comments are more real and experienced than what is written on the bottle or sachet cover. These feedbacks cover its bioavailability, how easy the doses are, the ingredient quality and amount, and even other considerable options.

Publicity is everything. Conduct a more thorough research on the reputation of the company. Customer reviews can help with that too.

Stay safe!

If after ingesting enough zinc supplemented foods regularly, you still have azinc deficiency, you should seriously consider taking one of these reviewed best zinc supplements.

1.Nature’s bounty Chelated Zinc Supplement :

Zinc supplements work for the same purpose, to level up the zinc level in the body. The difference between their outputs, however, lie in the ingredients used. Nature’s bounty Chelated Zinc uses the chelated amino acid form of Zinc gluconate which is a quite popular zinc supplement recipe.

It’s easily absorbed by the body, blends well with the body system and by so doing regulates the zinc level in yourbody, keeping you safe from zinc deficiency related threats.

Nature's bounty Chelated Zinc supplement is produced in the form of chelated Zinc gluconate which is designed to support your healthy immune system.

Per dose, you get about 50milligrammes of zinc. This might sound a little bit high as compared to thelimit set for zinc intake by licensed health care practitioner, but it has been ensured that it would be as efficient as it should without causing more damage to the body system.

It is suitable for vegetarians, which is an added bonus, and comes in bottles containing 50 caplets of zinc supplements.

2. Nature made Zinc:

Nature made Zinc supplement is quite similar to Nature’s bounty chelated zinc supplement in many ways including the use of zinc gluconate as the key ingredient. It also blends well with the body system and begins zinc regulation of the body soon after use.

Its effect has a lot of advantage on the endocrine system as well as the immune system functioning, giving users optimal benefits of their health restoration.

However, the major difference is that it comes in doses of 30milligrammes, which is quite less and safer for consumption. It is also suitable for vegans and vegetarians. Also, it comes in packs of 100 capsules. This is quite impressive because the price ranges are the same, and you can probably use this for twice as long and get the same effect of zinc level restoration.

3. Source Naturals OptiZinc:

The Source Naturals OptiZincbrand are quite generous in their marketing of zinc supplements. It comes in bottles of 240 doses of 30miligrams of zinc. With this brand, you can travel for months without having to worry about getting a refill.

One additional advantage is that the source Naturals OptiZinc doesn’t just function as a zinc supplement. It also provides 300microgrammes of Copper in the form of Copper Sebacate. Also, the major zinc source is provided in the form of zincMonomethionine.

The combination has a reasonable level of bioavailability and support enzymatic functions to help repair cells in the body while it also regulates the zinc level in the body. This surely qualifies to top the best zinc supplements in the market.

4.  Solaray Zinc copper:

These products just keep getting better. The Solaray Zinc copper supplement was brilliantly manufactured to combine Zinc, copper and iodine supplements in the form of Zinc amino acid chelate, copper, and iodine from kelp.

The combo helps regulate zinc levels in the body while it makes up for copper deficiency, which in turn prevents you from excessive zinc consumption and then provides thyroid support from the iodine to increase your metabolic rate.

Solaray Zinc copper supplement serves a dose of 50milligrammes of copper blended with 2 milligrams of copper and 53 micrograms of iodine in packs containing 100 capsules.

It’s suitable for Vegetarians as well as vegans

5. Jarrowsformula zinc balance:

The presence of copper in zinc supplements open doors for more health benefits and more value for your money. Jarrows formula zinc balance really balances the scale while it prevents both zinc and copper deficiencies, ensuring that you have a regulated mineral level.

The zinc and copper contents are in the form of zinc Monomethionineand copper gluconate respectively with 30miligrams of zinc and 1miligram of copper per dose. A hundred capsules of these supplements are in each bottle, giving you a supply lasting about three months.

Calcium Supplements: The Only Guide You Need.

Not sure if you need calcium supplements? Read this guide first!

Just like any other nutritional element, calcium is an important part of our daily nutrition and its role in maintaining a good health cannot be overemphasized.

Calcium is the most abundant element in the body. It’s the major component of important structures in the body. Calcium constitutes a large percentage of bone composition, calcium in the form of hydroxyapatite makes up about 70% of the bone mass, while about 20% of the calcium in the body can be found in the teeth. In all, about 90% of the calcium component is found in the teeth and the bony framework of the body.

Other calcium in the body play critical role in various physiological processes and are not found in structural forms. More would be written on the benefits and role of calcium in the later part of this article.

Since the deficiency of calcium has been associated with various diseases, both in young children and in older people, especially women above the menopausal age. It’s important for those with this deficiency to find a way of making up for the lacked calcium, and this is where calcium supplements comes into play.

Under normal circumstances, the calcium component of the food we eat on daily basis contains enough amount of calcium to keep our body in good condition. The recommended daily allowance of calcium intake for adult is between 1000-1300 mg/day, while that of children is between 200-700mg per day, depending on their age.

This quantity of calcium should normally be present in the regular food we take on daily basis, however research shows that about one-third of Americans are not getting enough calcium in their diet. This is probably due to the fact that, some people are selectively vegans, some are allergic to diary food which is one of the common source of calcium in the diet, while some are suffering from lactose intolerance.

What this implies is that, for every three hundred (300) Americans you select at random, about one hundred (100) of them are suffering from the deficiency of calcium. This set of people could benefit greatly from the use of calcium supplements.

Although, a section of this article would examine in details, what the deficiency of calcium is, but here are few diseases associated with calcium deficiency in the body system; osteoporosis, rickets, poor blood clotting, etc.

On the other hand, it should be noted that everything with a profound merit usually has its own side effect. This is to point out that although calcium is good for the body and its deficiency might pose potential risk to the overall well-being, excess consumption of calcium has its own demerit as well.

Consuming too much of calcium makes it difficult for the body to metabolize it effectively. Since the body needs Vitamin D to conveniently metabolize calcium, it’s important to ensure that the intake of calcium supplements is balanced with that of Vitamin D.

Benefits of calcium supplements

Are calcium supplements effective? Do calcium supplements work?

In the initial part of this post, I mentioned the fact that, for those that are not vegan, and those not allergic to milk, soy milk and other common source of calcium in nutrition, then they have no need for taking calcium supplements.

But if the doctor recommends calcium supplements, or you’re allergic to most food that provides calcium in the nutrition, then calcium supplements would be highly beneficial for you. Vegans would also benefit from the usage of calcium supplements because a larger percentage of the food consumed by vegans lack calcium.

Since the function of calcium supplements is to serve as replacement or therapy for the deficiency of calcium in the body. Then the benefits of calcium supplements would equal the benefit of calcium in the body system.

Bone Health:

Osteoporosis is a very common disease among women of menopausal age. The cause of this disease is often attributed to the depletion in the calcium component of the bone. What this implies is that, the usage of calcium supplement would reduce the risk of osteoporosis and other disorder related to calcium deficiency in the body.

Neurotransmitter Release:

The brain controls various system of the body by the release of substance called neurotransmitter. These neurotransmitters are very crucial in the mediation of the action of the brain on local organ.

Calcium is important in the release of these neurotransmitters in local organs.

Deficiency of calcium has been associated with disorder of muscle contraction and disorder. According to this research, calcium has also been implicated in the transmission of information between neurons across the synaptic gap.

Enzyme and Hormone Function:

Calcium ion, just like every other nutritional metals, play an important role in the production of various enzymes and hormones for the body usage.

When the level of calcium in the blood stream is low, the body would eventually reach out to the bones to withdraw some calcium for the formation of these hormones and enzymes.

Continued withdrawal of calcium from the bone would affect the bone health and result into easy fracture of bone under little stress.

Taking calcium supplements in cases of calcium deficiency would prevent the occurrence of such incidence.

Healthy Teeth:

For kids and teens, the amount of calcium in the body determines how strong their teeth would be. Because calcium plays a vital role in ensuring strong gum that hold the teeth in place throughout life.

When teethes are firmly held by the gum, then bacterial would not be able to invest the gum and as a result the teeth would remain sturdy throughout life.

The intake of calcium at the appropriate dosage is beneficial in this regards, especially for kids and teen, in such a way, they would grow a naturally strong teeth and gum.

Blood Pressure Control:

Various studies have been conducted to examine the effect of calcium on the human blood pressure.

While the result of those research are not definitive enough to conclude that calcium alone can help control blood pressure, the research shows that calcium alongside fruits and vegetables are capable of regulating the blood pressure in human beings.

Weight Management:

This study, and this study shows that increased calcium intake can help reduce weight gain and also lower body weight over time.

Prevention Of Colon Cancer:

Calcium has been show to play an important role in the reduction of the occurrence of colon cancer. Calcium supplements and calcium from other dietary source generally plays a protective role in the occurrence of colon cancer.

Cardiovascular Disease:

According to research by the institute of medicine, it’s been shown that calcium plays a role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, by getting rid of cholesterol in the body system, through excretion of lipids and reduced absorption of lipids. (It should be noted that taking calcium without Vitamin D might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease)

Having examine some of the benefits of calcium supplements, then it’s appropriate to look into various types of calcium supplements that are available in the market, and which one if appropriate for use.

Types of calcium supplements

The major difference between the calcium supplements available in the market is the amount of elemental calcium present in the supplements. What this means is that, calcium supplements is usually not just made up of calcium, but rather, it’s made up of calcium alongside other compounds.

The common types of calcium supplements are:

Calcium Carbonate:

This calcium supplement has the highest amount of elemental calcium of all the calcium supplements. About 40% elemental calcium, however, it’s been shown to have low bioavailability, such that the amount of calcium that is eventually absorbed by the body from calcium carbonate in-take is considerably low. It is however, the most common type of calcium supplement in market, and it’s the cheapest of all the calcium supplements.

Calcium Citrate:

The elemental calcium present in calcium citrate is about 20%, which is significantly low when compared to calcium carbonate. However, the bioavailability of calcium citrate is higher than that of calcium carbonate because of its acidic nature, making it easier to absorb along the gastrointestinal tract.

Calcium Gluconate:

This type of calcium supplement is known to have low level of elemental calcium in it, about 9%. What this means is that, you would have to get a large dose of calcium gluconate before getting enough of the calcium your body requires.

Calcium Lactate:

The bioavailability of this type of calcium supplement is not particularly high. The elemental calcium present in calcium lactate is about 13%. It’s not a very common type of calcium supplement.

There are also liquid calcium supplements that perform the same function like the tablet form with the difference being their solubility in water. Calcium Citrate Malate is an example of water soluble calcium. It’s made up of calcium found in citric acid and malic acid. Because of its solubility in water, the bioavailability is considerably high.

Depending on the manufacturer, there are other forms of calcium combined with some other important element. Example of which are; calcium and magnesium supplement combined in a single tablet. There are also calcium and vitamin D supplements tablet.

Calcium supplements for kids:

If your child is not getting enough calcium, then it’s important to find a way of supplementing their calcium intake.

Some kids might choose not to take foods that contain calcium, which would result into its deficiency in their body since they are not getting enough calcium from the food they are eating.

Some are allergic to diary products why some due to lactose intolerance would generally avoid milk and other natural source dietary calcium. In cases like this; it’s important to get them calcium supplements, or better consult with your doctor and talk with him or her about possible diet adjustment that would favor your kids calcium intake.

But remember, that calcium is very essential for kids and teens so as to get a strong bone and good strong teeth.

Taking Calcium Supplements:

How much calcium should I take?

Even though calcium is considered less toxic as compared to other metals, it’s still very important to take the right amount of calcium in the appropriate manner in other to maintain a proper balance in the body’s calcium level.

There are no special guides on how to take calcium supplements, other than following the right calcium supplements dosage (Check Below) and taking the supplement alongside vitamin D. Because Vitamin D is responsible for the absorption of calcium into the blood stream, it’s important to strike a balance in the consumption of vitamin D and calcium supplements.

The best way to take calcium supplements is to do so in the morning after meal and spread out the dosage across the rest of the day. What this means is that, if you are to take 1000mg of calcium as an adult daily, you can split the intake into two; which is about 500mg in the morning and the remaining 500mg is the evening. The reason for this is to ensure maximum absorbability of the calcium supplements.

There are varieties of calcium component, ranging from liquid, to powder, tablet and chewable calcium supplements; your choice depends mainly on your discretion. If you generally don’t like swallowing tablets, you might opt for the chewable form of calcium supplement.

Recommended Daily Allowance Of Calcium:

The data below represents the recommended daily value of calcium intake.






0–6 months*

200 mg

200 mg



7–12 months*

260 mg

260 mg



1–3 years

700 mg

700 mg



4–8 years

1,000 mg

1,000 mg



 9–13 years

1,300 mg

1,300 mg



14–18 years

1,300 mg

1,300 mg

1,300 mg

1,300 mg

19–50 years

1,000 mg

1,000 mg

1,000 mg

1,000 mg

51–70 years

1,000 mg

1,200 mg



71+ years

1,200 mg

1,200 mg




Check here for complete details on adequate intake on NIH website.


In taking calcium supplements, let’s say you’re 20 years old, and you are taking calcium carbonate supplement which has 40% elemental calcium. If you take 1000mg of calcium carbonate, it means you’re getting only 400mg of calcium (because it has 40% elemental calcium) from the dosage, which means you would have to take about 2000mg of calcium carbonate to get the rough estimate of the RDA.

NB: The above paragraph is just a theoretical explanation of the difference between various types of calcium supplements and it’s proposed dosage. PLEASE CONSULT A PROFESSIONAL BEFORE USAGE.

Calcium supplements side effects

Right from the beginning of this article, I have been reiterating that, it’s best if you can source the calcium needed by your body from the food you take rather than taking supplements. But if for one reason or the other, there is a need to supplement your diet intake, then it’s important that you do so within the normal limit and not consume too much of calcium supplements.

Hypercalcemia is the term giving to excessive presence of calcium in the blood stream. This condition has been associated with various cardiovascular diseases, as it has been show to distort the homeostatic control of blood calcium level.

In extremely rare condition, hypercalcemia might also result into calcification of soft tissue. Calcification is the conversion of soft tissue to hard tissue through the addition of calcium.

High intake of calcium both in natural food and in supplements can cause constipation, and disrupt the absorption of other important minerals in the body. Some studies have also linked high intake of calcium supplements with kidney stone disease.

Best Calcium Supplement

The best calcium supplement is the variety with high elemental calcium and high bioavailability.

Absolute Truth About Cognitive Enhancers: The Good, Bad and Ugly.

Have you seen the movie titled “Limitless”? It’s a movie about the use of cognitive enhancers and how they can make people smarter and do more with their brain within the shortest time frame. Just like any other movie, the main purpose is to entertain viewers and not really educate them on the use of cognitive enhancers.

Nevertheless, movies like this have sparked various discussions about the possibility of such drugs in real life, what if everybody can be as smart as the lead character in that movie? What if we can all think in various perspectives simultaneously, what if there is a drug that can get us to be more alert, focused and calm? What is there is a drug that can really make us super smart?

… Well, there is! In fact, there are several drugs in the market, created specifically for such purpose; they are called cognitive enhancers, or nootropics. Although the two terms are used interchangeably, they have slightly different meaning, but for the sake of clarity, I would use the term “cognitive enhancers” all through this article.

Before we delve into what specific drug does and how you can take advantage of them to become smarter, let us look into what cognitive enhancement is all about.

What Is Cognitive Enhancement?

As the most advanced vertebrate on planet earth, humans are known to be smarter and faster. The reason for this is attributed to evolution of the brain and other anatomical structures of the body. The basic explanation to human smartness lies in our cognition; which is the way we see, understand and react to our environment.

There are about seven (7) cognitive abilities; attention, memory, motor skills, language, visual and spatial processing, perception and executive function.

Let’s take a look at few examples of what cognitive ability means before we move on to what cognitive enhancement is all about….

The first one is an example of cognitive ability in the motor skills category:

Remember when you were learning how to drive? When you would put all your attention on the wheels, the rate at which you’re pumping the gas, the gear, the steering, the side mirrors and every other necessary things. As time goes on, you begin to get better at driving, and you can do some other stuffs while driving (for instance answering a phone call), over time, you discover that, you just drive without even thinking about it. At that particular point in time, your brain is performing a cognitive function based on previous knowledge and experience.

Another typical example is cognitive ability in the language category:

When you’re learning a new language, or let’s say when you’re learning a computer program. In the inception, all your focus would be on the syntax, the models and other necessary stuffs. But as you gain proficiency, you discover that you can speak the language with less effort as compared to when you started learning.

Your brain can look at a very minute detail, make connection with several other events that is slightly related to the details, and invariably make sense of it. That is the peak of cognitive functioning.

Cognitive enhancement on the other hand, is the things you can do to improve these cognitive abilities.

Since they are not static throughout life, they tend to be at their peak during adulthood and begin to depreciate with further age advancement; they can as well be improved with the use of cognitive enhancers and a well-tailored lifestyle.

Cognitive enhancement is the conscious effort we make to improve our attention span, our memory and recall ability, our perception skills, our information processing skills as well as our executive function ability, which involves, decision-making, theory of mind, flexibility and others.

Improving these skills through cognitive enhancement would definitely increase our productivity. This would lead to the next section of the article, where the word “cognitive enhancers” is explained in the simplest of term.

What are Cognitive Enhancers?

In broad term, cognitive enhancers (can also be referred to as nootropics) are drugs that improve any of the cognitive abilities listed earlier in this article.

Although, the above definition is very limited, because there are several other ways of improving cognitive abilities without the use of drugs or supplements (much of which will be discussed in the later part of the post). In this post, the main focus is on cognitive enhancers that are taken as drugs or supplement.

This drug comes in different varieties and a larger percentage of them has been shown to play significant role in improving some or all of the listed cognitive skills. Before the recent development of new cognitive enhancers, caffeine is the most popular stimulant used for cognitive enhancement, it is gradually being replaced by more potent nootropics.

In the past, the use of cognitive enhancers is common among those with medical condition such as ADHD and ADD, however the use of new modern, over the counter cognitive enhancers is now prevalent, even in healthy individual.

The reason for this is not far-fetched. We generally want to be more focused, we want to increase our productivity and gain more from the limited time we have.

How Do Cognitive Enhancer Work?

  • Increasing Blood Supply To Brain: 
  • The brain consumes about 20% of the total body energy, meaning it consumes more energy than other organs of the body. The higher the amount of energy reaching the brain, the faster it works.

    You can liken this to the regular fuel consumption in a car, when you want to increase the speed at which you’re moving, you would have to shift to a higher gear, then pump more gas using the throttle.

    Now, let’s imagine you have a full gas tank, and that your gear and other stuffs are functioning very well. However, the fuel pump is not doing well, or the fuel pipe from the tank to the engine is very narrow, you would agree with me that the speed of your car would not be high. No matter how hard you press the pump, the car won’t run fast, because the fuel is not just getting to the engine!

    This is exactly what happens when the supply of blood to the brain is limited by one or more factor. Because the blood carries nutrient and oxygen throughout the body system, any area of the body that does not get enough blood will suffer malnutrition.

    One of the ways in which cognitive enhancer works is by increasing the blood supply to the brain, and by so doing, the amount of energy and nutrient in the brain is high, and the neurons functions is at its peak.

  • Getting Rid Of Free Radicals:
  • Some cognitive enhancer works by getting rid of free radicals and as such keeping the brain cells (neurons) healthy.

    Free radicals are notorious waste products of the oxygen we breathe into our body. When air (which contains oxygen and other atmospheric element) is inhaled, the oxygen is metabolized and other waste product is exhaled. However, some ions such as O- and H+ remains in the body system. These ions are capable of combining with nitrogen or even other ions to form what is known as reactive species.

    These reactive species have damaging effect on the cell structure. When there are numerous free radicals in the brain cell, it begins to affect their cell structure and consequently their functionality. Taking note that brain cells do not undergo mitosis (breakdown and renewal) like other cells of the body. What this means is that, any damage to the brain cell is long lasting.

    Although the body has it’s own antioxidant system that automatically get rid of all the reactive species, in most cases, the antioxidant can only do so much, and further help is needed by the supplementing the available antioxidant in other to avoid stressing out the brain cell.

    Some cognitive enhancers function as free radicals, they basically work as scavengers of free radicals. They move around in the brain cell to mop out free radicals. Other cognitive enhancers in this category work by stimulating the production of the body antioxidant enzymes, that way, the brain has enough antioxidative enzymes to get rid of the free radicals.

    Caffeine is a good example of cognitive enhancers that falls into this category. They are known as antioxidative agent or antioxidant because they are capable of mopping up free radicals and as well stimulating the production of more antioxidant enzymes.

    Some other naturally occurring nootropics contains amino acid that act as precursor for several neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that transmits messages from one neuron to the other. For effective brain functioning, there must be adequate supply of neurotransmitters within the brain cells.

    Another means by which cognitive enhancers increase the functionality of the brain is by balancing the neurotransmitters in the brain and getting rid of stress hormones in the brain… Stress hormone such as cortisol amidst others.

Who Should Use Cognitive Enhancers?

Cognitive enhancers is not just for unhealthy people with brain medical condition. Traditionally, most cognitive enhancing drugs were developed to cater for the needs of those suffering from mental disorder such as ADD, ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson disease, et.c.

But the use of cognitive enhancer has grown beyond that. Healthy people now take cognitive enhancer for various reasons. As a matter of fact, a larger percentage of silicon valley executive take one form of cognitive enhancing drug or the other.

Checking through the benefits of cognitive enhancers, you would agree with me that virtually everybody could benefit from its usage. But for the sake of clarity and specificity, let’s take a look at the category of people that would benefit immensely from using cognitive enhancing drugs.


This is arguably the largest percentage of those taking cognitive enhancers. In a recent study in Germany, it was shown that about 30% of college student in Germany take one form of cognitive enhancing drug or the other. I believe if the same study is conducted in US and other European country, the result would not be contrary.

Students can benefit greatly from the use of cognitive enhancers, especially when it comes to staying focused and alert. The use of cognitive enhancers can improve reasoning ability. In fact, in some cases, cognitive enhancers are also called “smart drugs” or “smart pill”, this terms is usually used amidst students.


One of the benefits of cognitive enhancer is to enhance the executive function of the brain, which includes decision-making, inferential thinking and theory of mind. In simplest term, what this means is that, people with enhanced executive functioning of the brain can easily make decision based on provided information.

They don’t just think from a single perspective, they tend to see issues from various perspective, weigh-in on the supposed end result of each perspective and eventually make their decision from that. You would agree with me that such ability or skill is needed for company executives and entrepreneurs.


The most important skills needed in physical sport is the ability to manipulate your body at will. This all depends on the motor skills coordination. Since cognitive enhancers are known to enhance motor skills, and it’s not against the rule of competition to take them, then athletes can enjoy the benefit of these smart pills.

ADD/ADHD Patients:

People with attention disorder can greatly benefit from the use of cognitive enhancers. Most of the cognitive enhancing drugs in the market are known to increase the ability to focus on a particular thing for a longer period of time. Since ADD/ADHD patients usually have problem with focusing and paying attention, then cognitive enhancer is considered a good fit for such medical condition.

For those suffering from attention disorder, it is advised that you consult your doctor before taking any medication. He/she is in best position to prescribe the right medication to address your current state of health.

Seniors/Aged People:

As we grow old, we tend to lose certain skills and ability. It’s a normal physiological effect associated with ageing. To keep your brain cell alive and at uttermost functionality, aged people can benefit from the use of cognitive enhancers.

Frankly, anybody can benefit from the use of cognitive enhancing drug. Since it as potent effect on the functioning of the brain, and using them won’t make you dull or less smart, then why not take them if there is a need to.

Various Methods Of Achieving Cognitive Enhancement?

Earlier in this article, I noted that there are several means by which the cognitive functions of the brain can be enhanced. This section of the article would explore various methods by which cognitive enhancement can be achieved, towards the end, I would specifically state the best method of cognitive enhancement.

  • Brain Training
  • Exercise
  • Meditation
  • supplements
  • Enhancers

Before the advent of smart pills, this is probably the most common means of enhancing the cognitive functions of the brain. Brain training involves taking up mentally strengthening activities such as planning Sudoku, chess and other type of games. Although this method usually have little impact on the brain cognitive functioning, but it’s considered more effective in younger children, once the game or activity is mastered, then such brain training serves no purpose than entertainment.

Best Method Of Cognitive Enhancement?

Having listed various methods of cognitive enhancement, it’s only fair to be specific on which of them is the best method for improving the brain’s cognitive functions.

Looking at the methods listed above, you would agree with me that, each of them has a specific focus, take for instance, brain training is only effecting in improving the theory of mind, meditation is only effective for focusing, etc…

The only exception to this is exercise and cognitive enhancers. While exercise is a very good way to improve cognitive functioning of the brain, it should be noted that it is not as effective as the use of cognitive enhancers.

In a nutshell, the use of cognitive enhancers is the best method of improving cognitive functioning of the brain. Their effect is known to last longer than that of exercise, they’re not stressful to use and not time consuming as the case is with exercises.

List of cognitive enhancers

Although there are handful of cognitive enhancers in the market, only a fraction of them are known to be as effective as advertised. The reason being that, the market is not regulated, and there are no specified standard for the production of cognitive enhancers (I hope this changes in the nearest future).

This list consist of few specific product based on research conducted on amazon. It is not in any way the “holy grail” of cognitive enhancers. But I have done my possible best to careful select products with good reviews based on users comment, pricing and company’s reputation.

    • Citicoline Supplements
    • NeuroEnhance Natural Brain Function Booster Supplement for Memory, Focus, Mental Clarity & Cognitive Function Enhanced Ginkgo Biloba
    • Himazol Natural Anxiety and Stress Supplement Promotes Mental Well-Being And Cognitive Support.
    • Alpha GPC Choline Supplement.
    • Memory & Thought Support - Cognitive Nutrition & Mental Performance Enhancer - w/ Ginkgo Biloba, Asian Ginseng, Gotu Kola, Vitamins B12 & E
    • Nature's Wellness Memory Mind Matrix Dietary Supplement
    • Nootropics Brain Function & Memory Booster.
    • Ciltep Nootropic Stack
    • Neuro-Peak
    • Neurolon

Any Adverse Effect?

Just like any other drugs or medication, too much of it might result into unwanted deleterious effect. So far, there is no proper documentation on the adverse effect of the known cognitive enhancers. This is not to show that they won’t have an adverse effect.

Probably, in the long run when enough data has been accumulated, there would be a solid evidence to analyze the side effects of taking cognitive enhances. But as at the time of writing this article, there is a proper documentation of their side effects.

Another thing to take note is body tolerance. The more you get hung up on certain medication, the more your body builds tolerance against its effect. It is advisable to watch out for this when taking supplement based cognitive enhancers.

Best Cognitive Enhancers

I know this is the part most readers are interested in. Having considered everything that is to be known about cognitive enhancers, it’s only fair to give specific direction about which of the product is the best in market.

The selection of this product is based on their chemical constituents, users reviews, pricing, and overall effect. We are interested in supplements that is capable of improving all brain cognitive skills rather than ones with specific interest.

So here is our pick for the top 5 cognitive enhancement. Taking note that the list is not in any specific order.

#1. Neurolon - This supplement is known to improve mental sharpness, clarity, focus and memory.

#2. Neuro-Peak – It’s a natural based brain supplement, appraised for it’s potency as far as mental sharpness is concerned.

#3. Neuro-Enhance – It’s a natural herbal based supplement that aids recall, memory, concentration and focus.

#4. Ciltep Nootropic Stack – It’s potent for improving focus, memory and motivation.

#5. Vimerson Brain Health Supplement – Completely natural contents, and has great reviews for improving memory, focus and alertness.